Whitesands / PDP London Architects

first_img Area:  5984 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project CopyHouses, Housing•Hong Kong (SAR) Year:  2015 ArchDaily CopyAbout this officePDP London Architects (Hong Kong Studio)OfficeFollowProductsWoodGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesHousingHong KongVillaPDP London Architectsresidential developmentHong Kong (SAR)Published on March 16, 2018Cite: “Whitesands / PDP London Architects” 15 Mar 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogPartitionsSkyfoldVertically Folding Operable Walls – Zenith® SeriesVinyl Walls3MExterior Vinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ StoneShowerhansgroheShowers – Croma SelectDoorsRaynorGarage Door – Advantage SeriesConcreteSika3D Concrete PrintingSignage / Display SystemsGoppionDisplay Case – Bre-ClassSkylightsVELUX CommercialModular Skylights in Atelier Zimmerlistrasse OfficeWindowsswissFineLineSliding Windows in Villa LakesideSuspension SystemsMetawellAluminum Panels for Smart CeilingsGlassDip-TechDigital Ceramic Printing in Roofs & CanopiesSound BoothsFrameryMeeting Pod – Framery Q – Flip n’ FoldWall / Ceiling LightsAsaf WeinbroomLighting – Linestra 110 BrassMore products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?香港大屿山别墅 Whitesands / PDP London Architects是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream “COPY” Whitesands / PDP London Architects Photographs:  Eiichi Kano Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project “COPY” Manufacturers: Breinco, SKK, SeedArchitect In Charge:David Hoggard, Adrian Wu, Alastair Mehl, Halie Zhan, Alexandra ByrneClient:Swire PropertiesLandscape Design:Urbis LimitedExecutive Architect:LWK & Partners (HK) Ltd.Engineer:Wong & Ouyang (HK) Ltd.Country:Hong Kong (SAR)More SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!Front Elevation. Image © Eiichi KanoRecommended ProductsDoorsECLISSESliding Pocket Door – ECLISSE LuceDoorsLonghiDoor – HeadlineDoorsdormakabaEntrance Doors – Revolving Door 4000 SeriesWindowsOTTOSTUMM | MOGSWindow Systems – BronzoFinestra B40Text description provided by the architects. Whitesands is a residential development of 28 detached house nestled between the beaches of Pui O and Cheung Sha on South Lantau, Hong Kong. The development draws on the beauty of its natural setting, with each house orientated to capture panoramic views of the South China Sea and the surrounding landscape. The brief called for a contemporary development that promotes a relaxed, beach-side lifestyle. An open, community living concept was introduced early in the design process; echoing this lifestyle and influencing how we approached the design of the houses. The community concept built a picture of the development from the earliest stage; one where the spaces between buildings are as important as the spaces within and as a collective, the houses form an idyllic enclave. The clubhouse, a simple pavilion, would be a discreet but intrinsic part of the community.Save this picture!Aerial View. Image © Eiichi KanoSave this picture!Whitesands MLPSave this picture!Streetscape. Image © Eiichi KanoThe design approach for Whitesands draws on openness and a connection to the outdoors, not only in the physical design of the buildings but also in its social ambitions for this new community. Strong connections to the landscape are key manifestations of this approach. Every opportunity was sought to blur the boundary between indoors and outdoors, creating opportunities for residents to engage with nature and with each other. Full height glazing, uninterrupted, frameless corner windows and large, sliding doors open the houses both visually and spatially. Floor-level strip windows provide pleasing glimpses of the landscape along the boundary walls. Limestone floors run throughout the open-plan ground floor and into the garden beyond further encouraging indoor/outdoor living.Save this picture!Swimming Pool. Image © Eiichi KanoThe brief also called for sensitivity to the natural landscape, working where possible with the natural grade and rock formations and preserving the native incense trees on site. This resulted in the crafting of numerous house plans, including an innovative “upside down” house; each house designed to respond to its particular, natural context. Over 10% of the materials come from recycled sources and the overall development achieves a very high level of finish despite minimal use of quarried stone. For its conscientious environmental initiatives Whitesands was awarded a BEAM+ Platinum rating.Save this picture!First Floor Interior. Image © Eiichi KanoSave this picture!Whitesands House Type 4 SectionSave this picture!Rear Yard. Image © Eiichi KanoProject gallerySee allShow lessVillage as Kitchen of UABB / ZHOU Wei + ZHANG Bin / Atelier Z+Selected ProjectsJuly / Mur Mur LabSelected Projects Share Photographs ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/888272/whitesands-pdp-london-architects Clipboard Architects: PDP London Architects (Hong Kong Studio) Area Area of this architecture project Hong Kong (SAR) Houses ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/888272/whitesands-pdp-london-architects Clipboard Whitesands / PDP London ArchitectsSave this projectSaveWhitesands / PDP London ArchitectsSave this picture!Facade Detail. Image © Eiichi Kano+ 16Curated by Joanna Wong Share Projectslast_img read more

Dos Coyotes to Open in Pasadena

first_imgBusiness Districts News Dos Coyotes to Open in Pasadena From STAFF REPORTS Published on Monday, December 28, 2015 | 11:59 am Subscribe More Cool Stuff Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. 10 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Business News Sacramento-based Dos Coyotes Border Café, a fast casual restaurant serving Southwestern cuisine, plans to open a restaurant in Pasadena next year, marking another step forward in the company’s franchising efforts.The Pasadena store will be one of four new California locations envisioned for 2016 and will be owned by franchisees Andy Gitipityapon and Toufic Hemaidan, according to a report by the Sacramento Business Journal.No specific store location within the city has yet been named.Confirmation of the new stores for 2016 comes as the eatery plans to celebrate its 25th anniversary on January 5.Currently, Dos Coyotes has eight restaurants in the Sacramento area. Another Sacramento location will open on Sunrise Boulevard in Citrus Heights, just north of Madison Avenue. Bobby Coyote, who founded Dos Coyotes, will own and operate that location. Coyote confirmed plans for a Citrus Heights location earlier this year, and said it would be in a shopping center that includes Nation’s Giant Hamburgers in Sunrise Marketplace.Dos Coyotes expects to open three more locations in the new year. Aside from the Pasadena branch, one each will be set up in Concord and in Turlock. The Concord store is a joint-venture franchise that will be owned by Coyote and Bay Area entrepreneurs Jason Wolenik and Mike Topf. The entrepreneurs hope to eventually open other Bay Area locations.Ray Hussein will own the Turlock store.In 2014, Coyote announced plans to begin franchising. At the time, he cited an effort to develop 25 locations in Los Angeles County within the next seven or eight years.Dos Coyotes currently has eight restaurants in the Sacramento area. The first location opened in 1991.For more information about the restaurant, visit www.doscoyotes.com. Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Community News HerbeautyPretty Or Not: 5 Things You Didn’t Know About BeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyAmazing Sparks Of On-Screen Chemistry From The 90-sHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Lies You Should Stop Telling Yourself Right NowHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty15 Countries Where Men Have Difficulties Finding A WifeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty5 Things To Avoid If You Want To Have Whiter TeethHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty8 Easy Exotic Meals Anyone Can MakeHerbeautyHerbeauty Top of the News center_img Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Community News faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Make a comment First Heatwave Expected Next Week Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website last_img read more

French Ministry of the Interior Selects IDEMIA and Sopra Steria to Develop a New…

first_imgLocal NewsBusiness WhatsApp Twitter Facebook WhatsApp Twitter French Ministry of the Interior Selects IDEMIA and Sopra Steria to Develop a New Standard Border Control System By Digital AIM Web Support – January 29, 2021 center_img Pinterest COURBEVOIE, France–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Jan 29, 2021– CCAF is an ambitious project seeking to install a high-performance standard system so that all border control activities can be properly coordinated and harmonized. It will be rolled out in France during 2021. This press release features multimedia. View the full release here: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210128005909/en/ (Photo: Business Wire) While assuring border controls’ underlying need for security and accuracy, CCAF’s development will also focus on interoperability and scalability. It will be so designed that it can cope with future French and EU regulatory changes and growth in traveller traffic in and out of mainland and overseas France. Underpinned by biometric recognition, the system will minimize traveller time spent passing through border controls without having to hire further guards on French borders. IDEMIA and Sopra Steria will join forces tapping into their ID management expertise, especially in relation to border security, and their French critical systems in-depth know-how. There is a lot at stake with the CCAF project including a need to factor in high flexibility and responsiveness when developing EU IT systems in view of upcoming world sports events like the 2023 Rugby World Cup and the 2024 Paris Olympics. With this joint project, the Ministry placed their trust in the consortium’s skill and expertise in meeting highly demanding business, tech and regulatory needs and tight milestone deadlines. “We are very grateful to the French Ministry of the Interior for having trusted our know-how and expertise in automated border-crossing controls. The CCAF project aims to develop and perfect a standard and robust border system that is both smoother and more secure. Together with our partner Sopra Steria, we pledge to provide a groundbreaking system that delivers a high level of security and an enhanced travel experience.” said Pascal Fallet, IDEMIA Senior VP Europe, Public Security and Identity. “Having served the Ministry of the Interior over many years, we are immensely proud to be selected with our partner IDEMIA to develop and roll out the new standard border control system. IDEMIA’s skills and know-how as biometrics world leader fit very well with our own skills as reputed big government systems integrator in complex environments. This will be a great asset to ensure the project’s success. Together with IDEMIA we pledge to develop a reliable and secure system that sustainably delivers on required service quality by harnessing all necessary state-of-the-art technologies.” said Georges Wakim, Sopra Steria Security Market Director . In France, IDEMIA is currently responsible for the passenger automated border control tracking system and the visa and asylum application data processing system. IDEMIA also regularly conducts pilot tests with various private and public sector parties including Aéroports de Paris (ADP Group), Air France and recently Lyon Aéroports (MONA by Vinci Airports) with a view to biometrics improving the airport’s passenger experience. Meanwhile, Sopra Steria frequently serves the French Ministry of the Interior bringing many famous projects to fruition. For instance, the Group helps develop the Schengen border system working with various other EU Member States, develops and delivers security file search apps for French police forces and works to enhance French road safety and management of foreign migrants. Last June, IDEMIA and Sopra Steria were picked by EU agency eu-LISA to develop the new shared Biometric Matching System (sBMS), on which Schengen Area border security is based. About IDEMIA IDEMIA, the global leader in Augmented Identity, provides a trusted environment enabling citizens and consumers alike to perform their daily critical activities (such as pay, connect and travel), in the physical as well as digital space. Securing our identity has become mission critical in the world we live in today. By standing for Augmented Identity, an identity that ensures privacy and trust and guarantees secure, authenticated and verifiable transactions, we reinvent the way we think, produce, use and protect one of our greatest assets – our identity – whether for individuals or for objects, whenever and wherever security matters. We provide Augmented Identity for international clients from Financial, Telecom, Identity, Public Security and IoT sectors. With close to 15,000 employees around the world, IDEMIA serves clients in 180 countries. For more information, visit www.idemia.com / Follow @IDEMIAGroup on Twitter About Sopra Steria Sopra Steria, a European leader in consulting, digital services and software development, helps its clients drive their digital transformation and obtain tangible and sustainable benefits. It provides end-to-end solutions to make large companies and organisations more competitive by combining in-depth knowledge of a wide range of business sectors and innovative technologies with a fully collaborative approach. Sopra Steria places people at the heart of everything it does and is committed to putting digital to work for its clients in order to build a positive future for all. With 46,000 employees in 25 countries, the Group generated revenue of €4.4 billion in 2019. The world is how we shape it. Sopra Steria (SOP) is listed on Euronext Paris (Compartment A) – ISIN: FR0000050809 To learn more, go to https://www.soprasteria.com View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210128005909/en/ CONTACT: Press contacts IDEMIA: Hanna SEBBAH [email protected] +33 (0) 6 63 73 30 30Sopra Steria : Elsa ESTAGER [email protected] KEYWORD: FRANCE EUROPE INDUSTRY KEYWORD: TECHNOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY OTHER PROFESSIONAL SERVICES CONSULTING PROFESSIONAL SERVICES OTHER TECHNOLOGY TELECOMMUNICATIONS SOFTWARE NETWORKS INTERNET HARDWARE DATA MANAGEMENT SECURITY CONSUMER ELECTRONICS SOURCE: IDEMIA Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 01/29/2021 02:30 AM/DISC: 01/29/2021 02:30 AM http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210128005909/en TAGS  Pinterest Facebook Previous article‘We have to figure this out’: Heat say turnaround will comeNext articleBitscape Has Earned the Windows Server and SQL Server Migration to Microsoft Azure Advanced Specialization Digital AIM Web Supportlast_img read more

Jazz and blues coming to middle schools

first_imgLocal News Jazz and blues coming to middle schools Pinterest By Digital AIM Web Support – February 24, 2021 Facebook Twitter WhatsApp Previous articleDISNEY CRUISE SHIPNext articleOHS-Del Rio Boys Soccer Digital AIM Web Supportcenter_img Pinterest WhatsApp TAGS  Twitter Facebook ECISD Fine Arts Logo.jpg Fine Arts for Kids — Jazz and Blues for Middle Schools is scheduled for Jan. 29 through Feb. 1. This program brings in some of the best musicians in the country to perform for every ECISD middle school student on Jan. 29 and Jan. 30 at the Bonham Middle School auditorium. The schedule is below. The program will continue with clinics and performances on Jan. 31 with Odessa High School, Permian High School, Wilson & Young Medal of Honor and Crocket middle schools. They will be joined by the UTPB and Odessa College jazz ensembles.Performance schedule: Jan. 29 Middle school performances at Bonham Middle School, 2201 E. 21st St.: 10 a.m., 11:15.a.m. and 1:20 p.m. Jan. 30 Middle school performances at Bonham Middle School: 9:45 a.m., 11:15 a.m., 1:20 p.m., 3 p.m. Jan. 31 Clinics with guest artists for ECISD jazz bands. Performance at 7 p.m. with ECISD Jazz Bands — Odessa High School Performing Arts Center, 1301 N. Dotsy Ave. Feb. 1 Performances and clinics for Odessa College and University of Texas Permian Basin students. Community performance, 7 p.m., Odessa High School Performing Arts Center.last_img read more

TSA officers discover ‘artfully concealed’ assault rifle inside suitcase at airport

first_imgTSABY: AMANDA MAILE and SAM SWEENEY(NEWARK) — A New Jersey woman was arrested after officials found an assault rifle that the Transportation Security Administration described as “artfully concealed” inside her suitcase at Newark Liberty International Airport on Monday.TSA officers found the concealed weapon “behind the lining of a suitcase” during screening operations of checked baggage at the airport.The assault rifle was found with a high-capacity magazine and four boxes of hollow-point bullets, TSA said. Officers also found three magazines — one of which was fully loaded — and two additional boxes of ammunition.“Our TSA officers are very skilled at detecting firearms and other prohibited items,” Tom Carter, TSA’s Federal Security Director for New Jersey said in a press release. “This was an incredibly good catch on the part of our officers because the traveler attempted to evade detection by concealing the items beneath the lining of his suitcase.”TSA said the Port Authority police were notified about the weapon and subsequently tracked down the woman, who was arrested along with her traveling companion.Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

Local mixing events in the upper-troposphere and lower-stratosphere. Part I: detection with the Lyapunov diffusivity

first_imgA new diagnostic (the “Lyapunov diffusivity”) is presented that has the ability to quantify isentropic mixing in diffusion units and detects local mixing events by describing latitude-longitude variability. It is a hybrid diagnostic, combining the tracer-based effective diffusivity with the particle-based Lyapunov exponent calculation. Isentropic mixing on the 350-K surface shows that there is significant longitudinal variation to the strength of mixing at the northern subtropical jet, with a strong mixing barrier over Asia and the western Pacific, a weaker mixing barrier over the western Atlantic, and active mixing regions at the jet exits over the eastern Pacific and Atlantic.last_img

Groundskeeper 1 – (STA005094)

first_imgProvides maintenance and care of the University’s grounds. Mows, trims, plants, rakes, edges, waters, and fertilizestrees, bushes, grass, etc.Cleans assigned area after work is completed.May remove trash.May assist with sidewalk and pathway maintenance; may installsigns.Performs other duties as assigned. EEO/AAQualifications :Eight years of school and No experience.Requires the ability to read, write and follow simple oralinstructions as might normally be acquired through up to 8 years offormal schooling. No experience is required.Preferred Qualifications:At least 1 year or more of commercial landscaping or groundskeeping experience.Note: This position is an essential position for Facilitiesand Construction Management. Essential position you willbe required to perform the work needed if directed bymanagement even when the office is closed and may be required toreport to work.Note: Please attach 3 professional references along withresume.Notes to Applicant: MJJACKSONlast_img read more

Trick-Or-Treating Changes And Safety Tips

first_imgFacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailShare Trick-Or-Treating Changes And Safety TipsOCTOBER 29TH, 2018 AMANDA PORTER INDIANAIt’s no trick. Children in costumes will be flooding the Tri-state the day before Halloween.There’s rain in the forecast for Wednesday so several Halloween plans are taking place tomorrow.Law enforcement wants to make sure families enjoy their Halloween activities and treats without a scare.Trick-or-treaters will be going door-to-door just before dark so drivers beware.“Be vigilant,” says Vanderburgh County sheriff David Wedding.“Make sure you operate with your headlights on and be watchful for the children that may dart in front of your vehicles.”Costumes should be safe.Many towns are scheduled for trick or treating into the night.Safety lights can be added to make sure trick-or-treaters are visible to drivers.“If a costume is too long then it could be a trip hazard,” says Nick Nackery Owner Suzy Blesch.“Or like the all black skin suits. We usually suggest that they not go out by themselves because after dart they become invisible.”Children should trick-or-treat in a neighborhood they are familiar with. Using a cell phone is critical to keep in contact with the family.So it’s important for trick-or-treaters like Evelyn Clements to have a game plan.“I basically just discuss with my parents first the area I will be going around which is just basically around my house,” says Clements.And trick or treat in groups.“Someone who looks a little suspicious we try to cross the sidewalk or just try not to make eye contact and just stay away as much as you can,” says Clements.Dark residences should be avoided.“Make sure when you are trick-or-treating you go up to homes that are welcoming to kids where they are well lit, doors are open, and they look people friendly,” says Sheriff Wedding.“People that may be on the sexual offender registry list they have been instructed to keep their houses dark.”Sheriff wedding also recommends checking bags for unopened candy and examining the treats before your child starts eating.Evansville Mayor Lloyd Winnecke recommends trick-or-treating take place Tuesday.Indiana:Jasper Tuesday 6-8 p.m.Chandler Tuesday 4-8 p.m.Newburgh Tuesday 4-8 p.m.Elberfield Tuesday 4-9 p.m.Birdseye 6-8 p.m.Holland 6-8 p.m.Kentucky:Henderson, Owensboro, Daviess, Sebree, Clay, Dixon, Wheatcroft trick-or-treating will be held Tuesday.Madisonville Tuesday 4-8 p.m.Dawson Springs Tuesday 4-7 p.m.Central City Tuesday 3-5 p.m.Sturgis Tuesday 3-7 p.m. with a block party from 5 to 7 p.m.last_img read more

Press release: M6’s purple pipes kick off new life on school sports pitch

first_img We’d been looking at purchasing pitch dividers for our all-weather pitch but they can cost thousands of pounds so we’d been considering other options. I was driving on the M6 to the football one day and it suddenly popped into my head that the purple pipes that ran along the motorway would be the perfect solution for what we needed. Everyone’s been massively impressed with the pipes since they were donated to the school as we can use them to create smaller pitches for the different year groups and they stop balls disappearing. They’ve saved us a lot of money and work really well! Sandbach School hockey team with the purple pipes marking their sport pitchesThe M6 upgrade between Crewe and Knutsford is the first of four smart motorway schemes to be finished that will increase the M6’s capacity by a third on 60 miles of the motorway between Coventry and Wigan.Highways England’s main contractor for the project, Kier, also worked with local community groups during the upgrade to provide extra benefits. The construction team turned a scrap piece of land into disabled parking spaces at St Oswald’s Church in Brereton, resurfaced the access road to Holmes Chapel community centre, and provided cones and signs for the Winter Wonderland charity event in Weston and the Sandbach Transport Festival.The scheme, which employed over 6,000 workers including 16 apprentices during the three-year upgrade, was also recently awarded the Gold Award in the national Considerate Constructors Scheme.Arun Sahni, Project Manager at Highways England, said: Highways England used the pipes to hold electricity cables while it carried out the biggest improvement scheme since the motorway first opened in Cheshire in 1963, adding extra lanes and new technology to tackle congestion and improve journey times.The pipes ran the length of the 19-mile scheme and were temporarily secured to the top of the concrete safety barrier in the central reservation while work was taking place at the edge of the motorway.Some of the pipes were donated to Sandbach School ahead of the scheme’s completion to mark out sports pitch boundaries and they are already playing their part in the students’ sporting successes.Since the purple pipes were introduced, the under 12 and under 16 hockey squads have both become North of England Schools Champions with the under 16s also qualifying for the national finals at the Olympic Park in London.Jake Davies, Groundsman at Sandbach School, said: The improvements we’ve made to the M6 are benefiting the tens of thousands of drivers who travel on the key route between the Midlands and North West every day. We’ve also been keen to make sure that local communities have been able to benefit from the scheme while the work has been taking place, and it’s great to see the purple pipes we used on the motorway have now found a new life at Sandbach School. I’d like to pass on my thanks to everyone who worked on the scheme for going the extra mile to get the project finished ahead of schedule, and to local residents for bearing with us while we carried out the upgrade. The donation of the purple pipes to Sandbach School isn’t the only sporting link to the M6, with a new Highways England partnership with the Football Association also set to benefit Manchester City fans heading down the motorway to Wembley Stadium for the FA Cup Final next month.Highways England has teamed up with The FA to help drivers plan their journeys and warn them of any incidents, delays or congestion, using social media and the extensive array of digital messaging signs on motorway gantries.General enquiriesMembers of the public should contact the Highways England customer contact centre on 0300 123 5000.Media enquiriesJournalists should contact the Highways England press office on 0844 693 1448 and use the menu to speak to the most appropriate press officer.last_img read more

Year born may determine obesity risk

first_imgInvestigators working to unravel the impact of genetics versus environment on traits such as obesity may also need to consider a new factor: when individuals were born.In the current issue of PNAS Early Edition a multi-institutional research team reports finding that the impact of a variant in the FTO gene that previous research has linked to obesity risk largely depends on birth year, with no correlation between gene variant and obesity in study participants born in earlier years and a far stronger correlation than previously reported for those born in later years.“Looking at participants in the Framingham Heart Study, we found that the correlation between the best known obesity-associated gene variant and body mass index increased significantly as the year of birth of participants increased,” says Harvard Medical School instructor James Niels Rosenquist of the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Department of Psychiatry, lead author of the report. “These results — to our knowledge the first of their kind — suggest that this and perhaps other correlations between gene variants and physical traits may vary significantly depending on when individuals were born, even for those born into the same families.”The authors note that most studies of interactions between genes and the environment have looked at differences within specific birth cohorts —groups born during a particular span of years — which would not account for changes in the larger environment that take place over time. To investigate whether different conditions experienced by different age groups might alter the impact of a gene variant, they analyzed data from participants in the Framingham Offspring Study (which follows the children of participants in the original study) gathered between 1971, when participants ranged in age from 27 to 63, and 2008.Looking at the relationships between participants’ body mass index (BMI), as measured eight times during the study period, the FTO variants they had inherited and when they were born revealed that the previously reported association between a specific FTO variant and BMI was seen, on average, only in participants born in later years. While there was no correlation between the obesity-risk variant and BMI for those born before 1942, in participants born after 1942 the correlation was twice as strong as reported in previous studies. While this study was not able to identify the environmental differences that combine with FTO variant to increase the risk of obesity, the authors note that post-World War II factors such as increased reliance on technology rather than physical labor and the availability of high-calorie processed foods are likely contributors.“We know that environment plays a huge role in the expression of genes, and the fact that our effect can be seen even among siblings born during different years implies that global environmental factors such as trends in food products and workplace activity, not just those found within families, may impact genetic traits,” says Rosenquist. “Our results underscore the importance of interpreting any genetic studies with a grain of salt and leave open the possibility that new genetic risk factors may be seen in the future due to different genetically driven responses to our ever-changing environment.”last_img read more